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Ben Hayes - Charlton Athletic programme

German Bundesliga


Foreign TV rights key to Premiership success

The sale of foreign television rights is increasingly become a key element of the Premiership business model.   The sale of overseas television rights at £479m a year is almost four times as much as the foreign TV cash earned by its closest rival among Europe's top leagues, La Liga.  The Premier League earns more from foreign rights each year than La Liga earns from all its tv rights.

Comparing Bayern Munich and United

This interesting article compares the finances of Bayern Munich and Manchester United and looks at the German model more generally.  The prudence of the German model has been widely praised recently, although FC Schalke have got themselves into serious financial trouble through the construction of a new stadium.   It's also interesting that Bayern have spun off sections of their activities into separate companies so that they can attract investment.

1860 Munich | TSV 1860 München

Traditional Munich 1860 football shirt

Turn- und Sportverein München von 1860 was originally founded as sports and gymnastics association, forming a football division in 1899. The club was a founder member of the German Bundesliga in 1963. Home matches are played at the Allianz Arena (capacity: 69,901), which they share with city rivals Bayern Munich. TSV co-owned the facility with Bayern Munich until 2006, but sold its 50% share that year in order to resolve a serious financial crisis. Major honours include 1 Bundesliga title and 2 German Cups.


German Bundesliga TV Broadcast Rights - 1990-2008

2007 Update: German pay-TV broadcaster Premiere regained the rights to show Bundesliga matches after getting approval from regulatory authorities for its deal with cable television operator UnityMedia.

Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KgaA

Traditional Borussia Dortmund football shirt

BV Borussia Dortmund. BVB was founded 1909 by a group of young men unhappy with church-sponsored Trinity Youth, where they played football under the management of a stern local parish priest. It is reported that the priest had to be blocked at the door when he tried to break up the first organising meeting, which was being held in a room of the local pub. In 2001, Borussia Dortmund became the first publicly traded club on the German stock market.


Bayern Munich Football Club | FC Bayern Munchen AG

Traditional Bayern Munich football shirt

Most successful team in Germany (with over 20 Bundesliga titles plus 4 European Cups / Champions League titles) and largest as measured by turnover. As is common on the continent it operates as a membership-based sports club (115,000 members) also offering other sports and social facilities. It is an 'Aktiengesellschaft' - a joint stock company but not listed on any public stock exchange. 90% of FC Bayern München AG is owned by the club (FC Bayern München e.V. - Eingetragener Verein, which translates as 'Registered Association') and 10% by Adidas which acquired its shares in 2002 for €77m.


Bundesliga Football League Average Match Attendances 2008-09

Borussia Dortmund headed the list of top thirty Bundesliga football clubs by average match attendances, spectators at German league domestic games in season 2008/09. In second position was Bayern Munich and third Schalke 04. The Bundesliga was created in 1963 - originally founded by the German Football Association but now operated by the Deutsche Fußball Liga. It is composed of two divisions: the 1. Bundesliga and the 2. Bundesliga (which was created in 1974). Each division has 18 teams.

Serie A The Fastest Growing League

Serie A was the fastest growing league in Europe in the 2007/8 season reveals the latest Deloitte Football Finance report. Total revenue increased by €357m (34 per cent) to €1.4 billion. The change of mix of clubs in Serie A for 2007/08, notably Juventus' return, contributed two-thirds of the increase. The other clubs increased revemues by c. €120m aided by new broadcasting contracts. La Liga recorded a 8 per cent (€112m) growth in revenue to €1.4 billion, placing it joint second with the Bundesliga which grew by 4 per cent (€59m).

Football Levy Called For in Germany

Bayern Munich general manager Uli Hoeness has suggested each household in Germany pay an extra two euros a month to put German league football back on terrestial television. The levy would be added to the €17.98 monthly television licence fee in an effort to close the gap in television revenue with England, Spain and Italy. Hoeness argued that it was not even the price of a small beer, but those Germans who are not interested in football might resent paying it. It would be a general levy to serve a specific purpose.

1860 Munich Faces Financial Crisis

1860 Munich, one of the Bundesliga's founding teams, faces immediate financial problems after the club said that investors brought in to turn it around had provisionally pulled out. 1860 Munich, now playing in the second division, said its plan submitted to the German Fooball League (DFL) and which would have brought in a group of investors to bail the club out, was not approved by the DFL. The DFL said so far it had not rejected the plan but wanted to talk the club about its proposal.